# Numeracy

Hello everyone! It been lovely to receive some emails and have some correspondence with you over the last week. We are here if you need anything or have any queries regarding individual children. Below is the next five days numeracy activities...

In P2 much of our Numeracy is practical. We support our practical activities and teaching using powerpoints, visuals, worksheets and the New Heinemann Maths Scheme. We have sent home the booklets that the children use in class and any other resources will be uploaded or linked in here. Books include, Addition to 10 / Subtraction / Numbers to 20 / Money and Shape, Measure and Handling Data.

You may find that some booklets have more work completed that others. This is because we also follow lines of progression set out by the SELB. We introduce and teach concepts in a certain order, so we would appreciate it if you would only complete the activities we list each week.

Mental Maths

Keep up with the mental maths sessions building on previous ideas or where you find your individual child needs practice. Start building up number bonds to 10 (all the ways to make numbers 2-10 by addition). In P2 we would use a whiteboard or blank page, draw the number in the middle with a bubble around it and write the different ways to make that number around it. The children know how to check their work! There is always one more way than the number they are investigating e.g if they are finding all the ways to make 2 - there are 3 ways, all the ways to make 3 - there are 4 ways etc. You can also do speed tests by writing out some questions on a page e.g 3 4 __ 6 / 6+__=8 / the number before 10 etc. Use a timer or offer rewards/stickers for effort.

iPad apps such as 'Mental Maths' (Andrew Brodie basics) are good as you can choose age groups . You can search and browse the app store.

Activity 1

Ordinal numbers - notation 1st-10th and names first-tenth

Children will know this concept but will need reminded and taught the notation (quick way) and ordinal names. They will be using their reading/phonic skills to decipher the answers.

You can start off with a game using members of the family to form a queue at a door and ask questions e.g how many people in the queue? who is first/second/third/last in the queue? You can also use teddies/dolls/toys to increase the numbers to 10. Make number cards 1st-10th and first -tenth to order and match. Children can lay the cards out beside their toys and you can verbally ask questions. Build up the questioning when you know they are grasping it. You can give instructions like make the sixth person in the queue jump or show the eighth card and say make this person/teddy turn around.

Follow up with Numbers to 20 booklet pg 21-22

Revision for Numbers to 20 booklet in preparation for testing next week...

Activity 2

Oral story problems - allow children to use counters/fingers/toys to help them answer simple oral questions e.g

1. Four people on a bus...two get off...how many are left?

2. Five biscuits on a plate...three get eaten...how many are left?

3. Three shirts on a line...three fall off...how many are left?

Judge yourself the level of ability and adjust questioning accordingly.

Next let them see visuals like this... you can write out similar on a separate page and once you are happy with their understanding they can independently complete pg 8 of Subtraction to 10 booklet.

Activity 3

Link to a 0-20 number line in case your child has misplaced theirs...

*Now is a good time to check that your child can quickly recall facts for 10 e.g. 9+1 5+5 8+2. Work on these if you need to and pick up here when your child is ready*

Looking at number strip ask questions...

1. What is the number after 10 -19?

2. What is the number two more than 10-18?

Get 20 small items (pasta is good for this!) Count out 10 and put them in a wee tub and then set 4 pieces beside. On a blank page write an addition 10+4 and say that's the same as 10 pieces of pasta plus 4 more pieces. Help the children to find the total by counting on from 10, touching each of the four  cubes as it is counted e.g. 10 (you can touch your head when you say 10) 11,12,13,14 so ten add four is fourteen. Record on a page 10+4=14

Then underneath write the addition 4+10=14 and represent by moving the four pieces of pasta to the left of the box. Emphasise that both sums give the same total and that when they are adding they can start with the larger number regardless of whether it comes first or second.

*REPEAT FOR ALL OTHER NUMBERS using the same strategies.

Move on by asking the children to close their eyes. Place the ten pieces of pasta into the tub again and place six single pieces beside it and cover them with a cloth. Tell the children there are sixteen pieces altogether. Say ten and what makes sixteen? Record 10+__=16 Confirm the answer by uncovering the cubes and counting on from ten. Repeat for the other numbers. You can also swap it around __+10=17 To find the number of cubes under the cloth the children should think what and ten makes seventeen?

Activity 4

Get a few props to price and lots of 1p, 2p and 5p. Show the children an item that costs 5p. Ask the children to lay out coins to pay for it. Record and discuss all the ways to pay for the item -

1. five 1p's

2. two 2p's and one 1p

3. one 2p and three 1p's

4. one 5p

Emphasise they are all the same value. Repeat with different amounts starting low if your child is having difficulty understand and build up. Remind them to always start with the coin with the greatest value.

Finish by completing pg 7 and 8 of Money booklet.

Activity 5

Time - analogue durations

See links to teaching points and practice sheet.

Follow with pg 28 Shape, Measure and Data Handling booklet

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